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Born in the Qashqai Tribal Confederation and in the household of Mahmoud Khan Kalantar from the clan of Bahmanbeiglou and the Amaleh Tribe, Mohammad Bahmanbeigi started his journey in 1920 from a tent between the cities of Lar and Firuzabad. He spent his childhood living in Larestan in winter and Semirom in summer while being taught literacy by his family's private secretary, Mirza Javad. In 1930, the Qashqai tribes revolted against the central goverment and, consequently, his father was exiled to Tehran in 1931 followed by Mohammad and his mother in 1932. He started his education from Tehran Islamic School – Madrasa- and then began his high school in Mathematics-Science though finished in Literature. Forced by the political issues, he had to start his high school in Tehran, continue it in Shiraz, and eventually got his degree from Tehran Dar-al-Funoon. In 1939, he entered Tehran University and graduated three years later in 1942 with a degree in Law, however tried to pursue his literary interests by writing a preface to his professor's –Dr. Hamidi- book of poems.  
He returned to his tribe after graduation, followed by a temporary stay in the US which was ended for the joy he had in his tribe and the nature he had the experience of was worth returning to.

 
   
 In 1945, he released a book titled "Orf o ʿādat dar ʿašāyer-e Fārs" (A Monograph on Social Habits of Nomads) and after 6 years established his first tribal school for his relatives in a tent which left him with valuable experience he used for his project of "Tribal Education". It was initially rejected by the Ministry of Education but then accepted by the cultural advisor to Truman's Point Four Plan after the administrator of the plan had shown the green light. It was agreed that Truman's Point Four Plan provides tents and other educational accessories and Bahmanbeigi recruits the teachers and provide their payments.  
 These efforts led to the legislation of the literacy plan for nomadic communities by the Ministry of Education in 1952 and by the year 1954 a number of 87 nomadic schools were established in the Province of Fars. In 1957, with the support of Dr. Karim Fatemi, he founded the first nomadic teacher education center named "Shiraz Nomadic College" which got admission to girl candidates in 1964. During these years Bahmanbeigi managed to bring some deprived and yet gifted students to his own home and provided their everyday costs while they were at school.  
 In 1967 and after extensive efforts, he could receive some funds from Plan and Budget Organization and Keshavarzi Bank (Agribank) to bring a group of 40 students from different tribes and clans –prior to an admission exam and interview- to Shiraz and gave them accommodations to continue their secondary education. In 1968 Bahmanbeigi, depending on the students' success and grades, managed to build a facility for the first independent nomadic secondary boarding school in Shiraz and admit a number of 60 students in the second year and increased this number on a yearly basis. In 1971 he founded the first Girls' Technical Training Center (carpet weaving) followed by the first Nomadic Boys' Technical Training Center, the Industrial College, and the Nomadic Midwife Training Institute in a period of two years.
In 1972, Bahmanbeigi was honorably mentioned by the UNESCO Nadezhda K. Krupskaya Literacy Prize and nomadic teachers were named superior to their peers in rural areas and "Sepah Danesh" ( An educational institute founded by Mohammad Reza Shah and his PM, Asadollah Alam) by the Psychology Department of Tehran University. In 1977, with aids from UNICEF and the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults (Kanoon Parvaresh), Bahmanbeigi managed to establish portable libraries and then mobile stores for nomadic tribes.
 
  He got retired after the Islamic Revolution and after a ten-year period of solitude and silence, he started writing. He wrote four books in this period of his life, namely "Bokharaye Man Iele Man" ( Bokhara – My Tribe )(1989), "Agar Gharaghaj Nabood" ( If it weren’t for Gharaghaj) (1995), "Be Ojaghat Ghasam" ( May I vow to your sacred Heart) (2000), and "Tala-ye-Shahamat" ( The Gold of Courage) (2005).

Mohammad Bahmanbeigi, the great teacher of tribes, passed away on May 1, 2010 in Shiraz.

 

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(The Founder od Iran's Nomadic education)




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